The Devil Soldier: The American Soldier of Fortune Who

The Devil Soldier: The American Soldier of Fortune Who
    The Devil Soldier: The American Soldier of Fortune Who siege during the winter, one that had finally been broken by a daring series of feints and raids by the rebel armies After long months of privation, the way now seemed clear to bring badly needed food, arms, and treasure into the city And so the people of Nanking lifted their voices in thanks to the god whose worship had made them outlaws in their own country Shang ti, the Supreme Lord, whose eldest son was called Jesus and whose second son, the rebels believed, was their own leader, their Tien Wang Heavenly King The scattering of the Manchu emperors soldiersor, as the followers of the Tien Wang called them, the demon impsbefore the walls of Nanking was taken as yet another sign that the Tien Wang had truly been dispatched by Shang ti to bring down the Manchu dynasty and establish the Tai ping tien kuo Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace in China In the midst of the Mayrejoicing, the Tien Wang dispatched a message to his senior advisers and assistants, summoning them to an immediate council of war to determine the future of the great Taiping movement The message was brought out of the Tien Wangs sumptuous yellow palace by one of his female attendants Taiping men were generally forbidden from entering the inner sanctum of their leader, who lived alone with a retinue of concubines and cited Solomon and his hundreds of wives as a hallowed example Making its way from splendid residence to splendid residence, the summons finally reached the colonnades and gilded domes of the palace of the Chung Wang, or Faithful King The Tien Wangs lieutenants, though subordinate to him, all incorporated the word wang, or king, into their titles The Chung Wang had beenresponsible than any man for lifting the recent siege of Nanking Indeed, his considerable military talents had ensured the survival of the rebellion for a number of years And he had been honored in return Once a poor mountain farmer and laborer called Li Hsiu cheng, he now controlled troops numbering in the hundreds of thousands, as well as a vast fortune in silver But in the spring ofthe Chung Wang was a deeply troubled man, vexed by doubts about the Taiping cause that no amount of honor or reward could ease Though only thirty seven at the time he was summoned to the Maycouncil of war, the Chung Wang had about him, said an Englishman who knew him in Nanking, a trace of arduous mental and physical exertion that gave him a rather worn and older appearance His figure light, active and wiry, was particularly well formed his bearing erect and dignified, his walk rapid but stately His features were very strongly marked, expressive, and good, though not handsome according to the Chinese idea, being slightly of aEuropean cast than they admire An anxious, restless man, the Chung Wang seemed to find spiritual ease only on the battlefield His large eyes flashed incessantly, while the lids were always twitching From his energetic features, and the ceaseless nervous movement of his bodyno one would imagine that he could possess such perfect coolness in battle yet I have often since observed him in action, when, in spite of his apparent excitability, his self possession was imperturbable, and his voiceunchanged, save beingrapid and decisive in moments of greatest danger Like many of the hundreds of thousands of Taiping adherents, the Chung Wang had joined the rebellion less out of genuine devotion to the strange amalgam of Christianity and Chinese mysticism that was the Tien Wangs faith than out of weariness with Manchu oppression In the two centuries since Tartar tribesmen had swept down out of Manchuria and into China, deposing the Ming and establishing their own Manchu dynasty, their rule had degenerated into a system of corruption and repression that left Chinas poorest provinces in a state of near constant rebellion Young peasants joined these uprisings almost as a matter of course When I was young at home as an ordinary person, the Chung Wang later recalled of the Taiping movement, I understood nothing, but joined up in the excitement In the ensuing decade of the s, as the Taipings made their way from province to province and became the greatest threat to Manchu rule in the history of the dynasty, the Chung Wang battled his way up and out of the rebel ranks But he also witnessed internecine conflicts among the Taiping leaders, brutal suppressive measures undertaken by the Manchus, the Tien Wangs withdrawal into a private world of debauchery, and the slaughter of millions of his fellow peasants by both rebel and imperial troops Bythe Chung Wang was weary and losing heart There were many people in the Tien Wangs Heavenly Dynasty who did harm to the people what could I alone do, for all my compassion Power was not in my hands, so what could I do Once you are riding a tigers back it is difficult to dismount The lifting of the siege of Nanking had not given the Chung Wang any commensurate sense of relief In fact, his worries, especially those concerning his sovereign, had only multiplied After the victory, said the Chung Wang, no edict was pronounced praising the generals the field commanders were not received in audience, nor were the court officials The Sovereign was not interested in the affairs of government, but merely instructed his ministers in the knowledge of Heaven, as if all was tranquil Militarily, the Chung Wang knew that the rebel position at Nanking was still far from secure The demon imps would be back, and, unless the Taipings could break out of the Nanking region and secure open routes to adequate sources of supply, the imperialists would eventually crush the movement, if only through attrition The rebels next move would be crucial, and the Maycouncil of war thus took on immense importance Knowing this, the Taiping chiefs arrived at the meeting wearing their most impressive regalia and armed with battle plans that each was convinced would prove the salvation of the Heavenly Kingdom The Tien Wang made it a point on such occasions to wear robes of imperial yellowpreviously reserved for the occupant of the Dragon Throne in Pekingas well as a tall headdress reminiscent of the Ming dynasty The Chung Wang wore a coronet of gold, in the shape of a tiger flanked by two eagles and decorated with precious stones and pearls Rebels these men may have beenbut the plundering ofthan half of China had allowed their movement to take on singularly imperial trappings Plans for a spring campaign were proposed and discarded The Shih Wang, or Attendant King, proposed a move southeast, toward the farms of Chekiang and Fukien provinces and the rich ports of Ningpo and Foochow But such a long march to the coast, the other wangs argued, would leave the upper stretches of the Yangtze River badly exposed and the western approach to Nanking open The Ying Wang, or Heroic King, wished to march in this direction and reinforce the city of Anking, rightly considered the gateway to the Nanking region It was the Tien Wangs cousin and prime ministerthe Kan Wang, or Shield Kingwho proposed the plan that most appealed to his sovereign It incorporated the objects of the Shih Wangs and the Ying Wangs plans but achieved themefficiently than either The Taiping forces, said the prime minister, should strike out from Nanking in two great pincers, one to the north side of the Yangtze and one to the south In a pair of wide sweeps that would shatter the Manchu forces in central China, the two armies would converge not on Anking but much farther to the west, at Hankow The demon imps, their attention fixed on Nanking and Anking, would not be ready for such a move The Shih Wangs suggestion that the rebellion be resupplied through a move to the seacoast was also accepted Ningpo and Foochow were too distant, however, to be incorporated into the Kan Wangs scheme Instead, the port of Shanghai in the rich province of Kiangsu was selected as a target Attacking here before moving west, the Taiping southern pincer would secure needed suppliesincluding twenty armed river steamships for use on the Yangtzeand hopefully establish friendly relations with the Westerners who traded at the port and who worshiped, the Taipings believed, their own Shang ti The Chung Wang had misgivings about the prime ministers plan but thought it the best of those put forward and elected to support it That was enough for the Tien Wang, who approved the strategy as well as the assignment of the Chung Wang to lead the vital southern army, which was to conquer the province of Kiangsu, move on to Shanghai, then wheel rapidly west and approach Hankow Yet the Chung Wangs heart was still not at rest He was given only one month to take the provincial capital of Soochow in Kiangsu, and the Tien Wangs language in ordering him to do so was, in the young commanders opinion, severe But, as the Chung Wang observed, things being what they were, and since I was employed by him, I had to obey With the plan settled, the Taiping armies were assembled and addressed by their commanders Uniforms of red, yellow, white, and orange silk, emblazoned with the names of commanders and individual units, as well as hundreds of brilliantly colored banners and thousands of long spears, all moved in splendid agitation as the Taiping soldiers enthusiastically answered the exhortations of their chiefs Having abandoned the shaved forehead and long pigtail that were signs of Chinese submission to the Manchus, the Taiping men wore their hair loose and uncut earning them the epithet chang maos, or long haired rebels , and sometimes wound it in red and yellow turbans And there were women in the ranks, as well The Taipings had rejected the crippling custom of binding feet, and the daughters of the cause were able to move about freely Taken as a whole, the Taiping hordes were an impressive and, in the Chinese experience, unprecedented sightImagine an American version of Lawrence of Arabia at large in nineteenth century China, add the devil may care exploits of Indiana Jones and the high moral purpose of Robin hood, and youll have a rough idea of what the adventurer Frederick Townsend Ward was really like His story, recounted by Caleb Carr in The Devil Soldierwith authority and high spirits, is so marvelously improbable, so rich in exotic detail, that if often readslike a historical thriller than the serious work of history that it is Los Angeles TimesIf ever a book of history were made for the movies, Caleb Carr s The Devil Soldieris it Chicago TribuneGood, thorough, scholarly but absorbingEdward Rice, author of Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton."/>
  • Format Kindle
  • 387 pages
  • The Devil Soldier: The American Soldier of Fortune Who Became a God in China
  • Caleb Carr
  • Anglais
  • 10 May 2019

The Devil Soldier: The American Soldier of Fortune Who Became a God in China❤ The Devil Soldier: The American Soldier of Fortune Who Became a God in China pdf ⚣ Auteur Caleb Carr – Essayreview.co.uk I A NEW RACE OF WARRIORS On May , , the city of Nanking, Chinanestled between a wide bend in the Yangtze River and a commanding promontory called Purple Mountainwas alive with celebration Its citizens I A NEW RACE OF WARRIORS Soldier: The MOBI ô On May the city of Nanking, Chinanestled between a wide bend in The Devil PDF/EPUB ² the Yangtze River and a commanding promontory called Purple Mountainwas alive with celebration Its citizens, who had been in Devil Soldier: The ePUB ↠ open rebellion against the Manchu emperor in Peking for the better part of a decade, had endured a bitter siege during the winter, one that had finally been broken by a daring series of feints and raids by the rebel armies After long months of privation, the way now seemed clear to bring badly needed food, arms, and treasure into the city And so the people of Nanking lifted their voices in thanks to the god whose worship had made them outlaws in their own country Shang ti, the Supreme Lord, whose eldest son was called Jesus and whose second son, the rebels believed, was their own leader, their Tien Wang Heavenly King The scattering of the Manchu emperors soldiersor, as the followers of the Tien Wang called them, the demon impsbefore the walls of Nanking was taken as yet another sign that the Tien Wang had truly been dispatched by Shang ti to bring down the Manchu dynasty and establish the Tai ping tien kuo Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace in China In the midst of the Mayrejoicing, the Tien Wang dispatched a message to his senior advisers and assistants, summoning them to an immediate council of war to determine the future of the great Taiping movement The message was brought out of the Tien Wangs sumptuous yellow palace by one of his female attendants Taiping men were generally forbidden from entering the inner sanctum of their leader, who lived alone with a retinue of concubines and cited Solomon and his hundreds of wives as a hallowed example Making its way from splendid residence to splendid residence, the summons finally reached the colonnades and gilded domes of the palace of the Chung Wang, or Faithful King The Tien Wangs lieutenants, though subordinate to him, all incorporated the word wang, or king, into their titles The Chung Wang had beenresponsible than any man for lifting the recent siege of Nanking Indeed, his considerable military talents had ensured the survival of the rebellion for a number of years And he had been honored in return Once a poor mountain farmer and laborer called Li Hsiu cheng, he now controlled troops numbering in the hundreds of thousands, as well as a vast fortune in silver But in the spring ofthe Chung Wang was a deeply troubled man, vexed by doubts about the Taiping cause that no amount of honor or reward could ease Though only thirty seven at the time he was summoned to the Maycouncil of war, the Chung Wang had about him, said an Englishman who knew him in Nanking, a trace of arduous mental and physical exertion that gave him a rather worn and older appearance His figure light, active and wiry, was particularly well formed his bearing erect and dignified, his walk rapid but stately His features were very strongly marked, expressive, and good, though not handsome according to the Chinese idea, being slightly of aEuropean cast than they admire An anxious, restless man, the Chung Wang seemed to find spiritual ease only on the battlefield His large eyes flashed incessantly, while the lids were always twitching From his energetic features, and the ceaseless nervous movement of his bodyno one would imagine that he could possess such perfect coolness in battle yet I have often since observed him in action, when, in spite of his apparent excitability, his self possession was imperturbable, and his voiceunchanged, save beingrapid and decisive in moments of greatest danger Like many of the hundreds of thousands of Taiping adherents, the Chung Wang had joined the rebellion less out of genuine devotion to the strange amalgam of Christianity and Chinese mysticism that was the Tien Wangs faith than out of weariness with Manchu oppression In the two centuries since Tartar tribesmen had swept down out of Manchuria and into China, deposing the Ming and establishing their own Manchu dynasty, their rule had degenerated into a system of corruption and repression that left Chinas poorest provinces in a state of near constant rebellion Young peasants joined these uprisings almost as a matter of course When I was young at home as an ordinary person, the Chung Wang later recalled of the Taiping movement, I understood nothing, but joined up in the excitement In the ensuing decade of the s, as the Taipings made their way from province to province and became the greatest threat to Manchu rule in the history of the dynasty, the Chung Wang battled his way up and out of the rebel ranks But he also witnessed internecine conflicts among the Taiping leaders, brutal suppressive measures undertaken by the Manchus, the Tien Wangs withdrawal into a private world of debauchery, and the slaughter of millions of his fellow peasants by both rebel and imperial troops Bythe Chung Wang was weary and losing heart There were many people in the Tien Wangs Heavenly Dynasty who did harm to the people what could I alone do, for all my compassion Power was not in my hands, so what could I do Once you are riding a tigers back it is difficult to dismount The lifting of the siege of Nanking had not given the Chung Wang any commensurate sense of relief In fact, his worries, especially those concerning his sovereign, had only multiplied After the victory, said the Chung Wang, no edict was pronounced praising the generals the field commanders were not received in audience, nor were the court officials The Sovereign was not interested in the affairs of government, but merely instructed his ministers in the knowledge of Heaven, as if all was tranquil Militarily, the Chung Wang knew that the rebel position at Nanking was still far from secure The demon imps would be back, and, unless the Taipings could break out of the Nanking region and secure open routes to adequate sources of supply, the imperialists would eventually crush the movement, if only through attrition The rebels next move would be crucial, and the Maycouncil of war thus took on immense importance Knowing this, the Taiping chiefs arrived at the meeting wearing their most impressive regalia and armed with battle plans that each was convinced would prove the salvation of the Heavenly Kingdom The Tien Wang made it a point on such occasions to wear robes of imperial yellowpreviously reserved for the occupant of the Dragon Throne in Pekingas well as a tall headdress reminiscent of the Ming dynasty The Chung Wang wore a coronet of gold, in the shape of a tiger flanked by two eagles and decorated with precious stones and pearls Rebels these men may have beenbut the plundering ofthan half of China had allowed their movement to take on singularly imperial trappings Plans for a spring campaign were proposed and discarded The Shih Wang, or Attendant King, proposed a move southeast, toward the farms of Chekiang and Fukien provinces and the rich ports of Ningpo and Foochow But such a long march to the coast, the other wangs argued, would leave the upper stretches of the Yangtze River badly exposed and the western approach to Nanking open The Ying Wang, or Heroic King, wished to march in this direction and reinforce the city of Anking, rightly considered the gateway to the Nanking region It was the Tien Wangs cousin and prime ministerthe Kan Wang, or Shield Kingwho proposed the plan that most appealed to his sovereign It incorporated the objects of the Shih Wangs and the Ying Wangs plans but achieved themefficiently than either The Taiping forces, said the prime minister, should strike out from Nanking in two great pincers, one to the north side of the Yangtze and one to the south In a pair of wide sweeps that would shatter the Manchu forces in central China, the two armies would converge not on Anking but much farther to the west, at Hankow The demon imps, their attention fixed on Nanking and Anking, would not be ready for such a move The Shih Wangs suggestion that the rebellion be resupplied through a move to the seacoast was also accepted Ningpo and Foochow were too distant, however, to be incorporated into the Kan Wangs scheme Instead, the port of Shanghai in the rich province of Kiangsu was selected as a target Attacking here before moving west, the Taiping southern pincer would secure needed suppliesincluding twenty armed river steamships for use on the Yangtzeand hopefully establish friendly relations with the Westerners who traded at the port and who worshiped, the Taipings believed, their own Shang ti The Chung Wang had misgivings about the prime ministers plan but thought it the best of those put forward and elected to support it That was enough for the Tien Wang, who approved the strategy as well as the assignment of the Chung Wang to lead the vital southern army, which was to conquer the province of Kiangsu, move on to Shanghai, then wheel rapidly west and approach Hankow Yet the Chung Wangs heart was still not at rest He was given only one month to take the provincial capital of Soochow in Kiangsu, and the Tien Wangs language in ordering him to do so was, in the young commanders opinion, severe But, as the Chung Wang observed, things being what they were, and since I was employed by him, I had to obey With the plan settled, the Taiping armies were assembled and addressed by their commanders Uniforms of red, yellow, white, and orange silk, emblazoned with the names of commanders and individual units, as well as hundreds of brilliantly colored banners and thousands of long spears, all moved in splendid agitation as the Taiping soldiers enthusiastically answered the exhortations of their chiefs Having abandoned the shaved forehead and long pigtail that were signs of Chinese submission to the Manchus, the Taiping men wore their hair loose and uncut earning them the epithet chang maos, or long haired rebels , and sometimes wound it in red and yellow turbans And there were women in the ranks, as well The Taipings had rejected the crippling custom of binding feet, and the daughters of the cause were able to move about freely Taken as a whole, the Taiping hordes were an impressive and, in the Chinese experience, unprecedented sightImagine an American version of Lawrence of Arabia at large in nineteenth century China, add the devil may care exploits of Indiana Jones and the high moral purpose of Robin hood, and youll have a rough idea of what the adventurer Frederick Townsend Ward was really like His story, recounted by Caleb Carr in The Devil Soldierwith authority and high spirits, is so marvelously improbable, so rich in exotic detail, that if often readslike a historical thriller than the serious work of history that it is Los Angeles TimesIf ever a book of history were made for the movies, Caleb Carr s The Devil Soldieris it Chicago TribuneGood, thorough, scholarly but absorbingEdward Rice, author of Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton.


About the Author: Caleb Carr

En tant qu’auteur connu, certains de Soldier: The MOBI ô ses livres fascinent les lecteurs, comme dans le livre The Devil Soldier: The Devil PDF/EPUB ² The American Soldier of Fortune Who Became a God in China , qui est l’un des lecteurs les plus Devil Soldier: The ePUB ↠ recherchés Caleb Carr auteurs dans le monde.


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